Canada is the largest country in North America, the second largest country in the world by total area, and by land area, it is the fourth largest country in the world.
Being the only country in the west that is in support of immigration, Canada has become a destination for lots of Nigerians seeking to leave the shores of Nigeria for better opportunities in the western world.
Canada is basically interested in immigrants who have skills that can help in contributing to her economic growth.
As a result of this there is a high percentage of workers migrating to Canada to take up jobs and Nigerians are not left out of this trend.
Types of Canadian Visa
Canadian visas are of two categories. They are permanent residence visas and temporary residence visas
Temporary Residence Canadian Visa
Included in this category are student visas and work permits
Canadian Students Visas
There are provisions made for young people from over the world to come to Canada for academic purposes.
To show eligibility for this type of visa, students must show documents to proof they have the financial means of sustaining themselves in throughout their stay in Canada. They must also present a copy of acceptance letter from a Canadian institution of learning while applying for a visa.
To apply for a work permit, you must already have a job offer from a Canadian employer. Furthermore, the employer must have obtained approval by the government human resources authorities via the Labour Market Impact Analysis (LMIA) process.
Permanent Residence Canadian Visa
This category covers visas such as Skilled Worker Visa, Canadian Experience Class Visa and Family Class Visa.
Skilled Worker Visa
Before applying for this visa type, it is important for applicants to consult an immigration specialist to determine if they are qualified to apply for this type of visa. This type of visa can be applied for by individuals living inside or outside Canada.
Factors such as sound knowledge of English or French, work experience, educational qualification and age are used to assess individuals that apply for this visa.
Applicants are graded in percentage, if an applicant gets up to 62% in the assessment, the applicant is deemed qualified for this visa.
Canadian Experience Class Visa
This visa can be applied for by individuals that already have a work permit visa. To apply for this visa, you must have worked in Canada for up to 12 months and must be sound in either English or French.
Family Class Canadian Visa
This is a visa type made for individuals that want to join their family members already resident in Canada.
This type of visa requires sponsors to support whoever is coming to join them in Canada for a period of three or ten years.
Family members qualified for this visa type are parents, grand-parents, dependent children, adopted children, spouses, nieces, nephews and conjugal partners.
How to Get Canadian Visa
To get a Canadian visa, an application form will have to be gotten and filled. This form can be filled both online and offline.
To fill this form offline, the following should be done.
- Download and fill the resident visa application forms and the VFS consent form. This two forms should be attached upon filling.
- Visa application fee and biometric fee should be paid
- Visa application form and other needed documents should be submitted at the Canada Visa Application Centre
- Allow the application to be processed, this will take a minimum of 14 days
- After some days you will need to submit your passport when it is requested for
- Retrieve your passport when it is red for retrieval. You will get a notification when your passport gets ready for retrieval.
Documents Required for Canadian Visa
With the right documents, getting a Canadian visa will be very feasible. Document required for securing a Canadian visa are
- A valid passport
- This should have a validity of at least 90 days. It should also contain extra pages for necessary stamps
- Proof of a well-funded account
- Proof of employment
- An invitation letter from friends or relatives in Canada
- Application fee, which is non-refundable
- Two copies of your passport photos. They should be very recent
- A Proof of acceptance
- This is a document that should be presented by students. This should be sent to you by the institution of learning you plan on attending.
Estimated Cost of Processing Canadian Visa
When applying for a Canadian visa, a certain amount will be required of you. It is solely dependent on the type of visa you are applying for.
Work permit Visa CAN$155
Study Permit CAN $150
Individual Visa CAN$100
Estimated Time for Processing Canadian Visa
There is no fixed time for processing Canadian visas, processing time for Canadian visa is very dynamic and subject to change.
It depends a lot on the number of applications received at a certain time and the type of application submitted by you.
Estimated Cost of Travelling to Canada
There are various factors responsible for the cost of travelling to Canada from Nigeria. As a result of changes in these factors, there are constant changes in the cost of flying to Canada from Nigeria.
Among these factors are season, cost of aviation fuel, passenger’s travel class and choice of airline. Airlines such as British Air ways, Egypt air, Turkish Air, Lufthansa and KLM Royal Dutch constantly fly from Lagos to Canada. Other airlines that occasionally fly to Canada include Air France, Delta Airways, Qatar Airways and Brussels Air.
Canada has four seasons, they are winter, spring, summer and fall. In Canada, summer begins in June. During summer, airlines slash prices to increase patronage from passengers. This happens because holidays fall in summer.
Cost of Aviation fuel
The availability of aviation fuel has a strong influence on the cost of travelling to Canada from Nigeria.
Passenger’s Travel Class
Most airlines usually come with 3 classes. The more comfortable classes are usually more expensive.
Choice of Airline
The cost of travelling to Canada is very much affected by your choice of airline. Different airlines have varying prices. Therefore, price depends a lot on the level of comfort an airline offers.
Below is the estimated cost of flying from Lagos to Canada by different airlines.
- Egypt Air $1236
- Turkish Air $1410
- British Airways $1410
- Air France $1468
- Lufthansa $1236
- KLM $1477
- Qatar Airways $902
- Brussels Air $1432
When going to Canada from a city in Nigeria other than Lagos, you don’t have to go to Lagos to book your flight. You can book your flight from any major city close to you.
Also due to the fact that cost of flying is not constant, it is important to visit airline websites when you want to travel. This will help you know the exact amount you will have to pay for flight tickets.