List of Tribes in Jigawa State Nigeria

Jigawa is a state in Northwest Nigeria. It was created on the 27th of August 1991. It is mostly populated by Hausa/Fulani, who can be found in all parts of the State. In 2005 Jigawa state had an estimated population of 4,988,888. The language spoken in Jigawa state is Hausa and the religion in Jigawa State is mainly Islam which constitutes about 98.9% of the population, while 1.1% are indigenous Christians.

Join us as we take you through the tribes found in Jigawa state, Nigeria. You will be surprised at what you find out today. Enjoy!!!

Kanuri Tribe

Not very much is known about the Kanuri people of Jigawa aside the obvious fact that they are migrants from present day Bornu state. The people of this tribe are easily mistaken for Hausas because they have a lot in common with the Hausas. Apart from maintaining the culture of horse riding, the Kanuri people seem to have adopted the traditions of the Hausas.

The Kanuris are predominantly Muslims and have farming and cattle rearing as their major occupations.

Hausa Tribe

Contrary to what a lot of people think, the Hausa tribe is not the only tribe in Jigawa state. This tribe however is the biggest tribe in this state and is believed to be linked with the Middle East. People from the Hausa tribe are predominantly Muslims and have farming and trading as their major occupations.

Men from this tribe put on Baban riga while women tie wrapper on blouses and cover their heads with hijabs. The Hausa people have maintained their culture for a long time with no real change to it. Also, their culture is strongly influenced by their religion.

Fulani Tribe

The Fulani people are probably the most religious Muslims in Nigeria. It is not very clear where the Fulanis migrated from. However, their way of life suggests a possible migration from the Middle East. The Fulanis have dominated Nigerian politics since independence. As a matter of fact most people that have ruled Nigeria from the north are Fulanis and not Hausas. Also, they dominate in the Nigerian military.

The Fulanis are generally known to be cattle rearers and nomads.Men from this tribe put on a flowing gown that is known as Babban riga while women tie wrappers on blouse and cover their heads with hijab. Meals eaten by the Fulanis are usually made from millet, rice and sorgnum. These crops are usually processed locally to make a meal called “Tuwo”.

Angas Tribe

This tribe is popularly referred to as the Afro-Asiatic  tribe because of their relations with Chad. It is believed that there are about 645,000 native speakers of this language which the General Yakubu Gowon is said to come from there. Their major religion is Christianity.

They are found mainly in the state of Plateau in central Nigeria. Over the years, many have migrated to other states where they have become indigenes. These states include Bauchi, Kaduna, Nassarawa and Taraba States.
Beliefs based on legend suggest that these people migrated to Plateau State from the Northeastern part of Nigeria around Borno State and are actually relations of Kanuri people.
Basically, their culture is the same with those of most African tribes.

Kurama Tribe

Kurama people were believed to be the first settlers in the present day Lere local government (formerly known as Kasar Kurama). It is on record that the Kurama people have been in their present location since the 14 Century (1350AD), while the Hausa-Fulani in Lere that now dominate the political and economic affairs of the local government only arrived around 1773. Historical records have also shown that Lere District (now a local government) came about as a merger of two Kurama dominated districts of Kudaru and Garu and the Hausa-Fulani dominated district of Lere into a single entity in 1936.

These tribes have unique heritages and cultures that are not even known to the general public. But these tribes are what makes the state what it is today. So share and drop a comment if we left some tribes out.



One thought on “List of Tribes in Jigawa State Nigeria

  • February 8, 2019 at 1:36 pm

    I am happy to know that part of my people(Ngas/Angas) dwell in Jigawa state. This means I can also call Jigawa Home. Thanks to the writer. Let there be love and unity. Mu yan’uwa ne


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