List of Tribes in Niger State Nigeria

With the population figure of 3,950,249 based on the 2006 Census, Niger State is a haven to a significant number of Nigerians.  This state is made up of various tribes as a whole with their various cultures in respect to their choice of foods, dressing, and religion. There is more to this tribe like other tribes in the north. Sit back and relax as we introduce you to the interesting tribes in Niger state.

Kambari Tribe Image result for kambari tribe

The Kambari people occupy Birni Amina and Acer communities. They live about 276 km from Minna, the Niger state capital. This tribe although a part of Nigeria is still very remote and appears forgotten by the Nigerian government.

Not much has changed about the Kambari people since pre-independence. Donkeys still provide the only means of transport in this region. Also, they live in mud houses with straw roofs. One amazing thing about the Kambari people is the fact that men and women of this tribe move around half unclad.

People of these tribe are farmers and still practice their traditional religion.

Hausa Tribe

The Hausa people in Niger state are not as dominant in this state as the Hausas in other states such as Zamfara. This is as a result of the presence of lots of other tribes in this state. Although it is believed that the Hausas migrated from the Middle East, up until the 14th century when they came in contact with Muslim traders from North Africa, they were not Muslims.

The Hausas are farmers as well as traders. Men from this tribe are known to wear flowing gowns that are called Babban Riga while women from this tribe tie wrapper on a blouse and put on hijabs. Meals eaten by the Hausas are usually made from millet, maize and rice. These crops are locally processed to make Tuwo.

 Ura Tribe Related image

The Ura people are very peaceful people, they are found in Rafi and Kusheriki local government áreas. The major towns in Uraland are Sarari, Ringa and Pamdogari.

The Ura people practice both Christianity and Islam. They are farmers and potters. Just like their Hausa neighbors, the Ura people feed on millet, maize, and sorgnum.

 Kanuri Tribe

The Kanuri tribe is one of the largest tribes in northern Nigeria. It is also perhaps the third most influential tribe in this region after the Hausa and Fulani tribes. As a result of living with the Hausas for many years, the Kanuri people are usually mistaken for Hausas by people that are not from the northern part of Nigeria.

The major occupation of the Kanuri people is farming. Also, Islam is the major religion of this people.

Gwandara Tribe Image result for gwandara tribe in nigeria

The Gwandara people speak the Gwandara language, this language is closely related to the Hausa language. These people have a population of 27,000 people and are predominantly Muslims.

Farming is the major occupation of the Gwandara people. Also, these people are known to have a lot in common with the Hausas.

Gade Tribe

The Gades are believed to have migrated from Sudan. Prior to moving to their present location, the Gades settled in Kano. The Gade people speak the Gade language and are known to have a lot in common with the Hausas.

Islam is the predominant religion of the Gade people while farming is the major occupation. Foods eaten by this people are usually made from millet and maize.

 Nupe Tribe Image result for nupe tribe

With a population of about 3.5 million people, the Nupe tribe is one of the largest tribes in the middle belt. They accepted Islam in the 18th century. Although these people are Muslims, they maintained their tradition and do not have an Emir.

Men from Nupe dress like Hausas while women do the same. They are farmers and traders and eat the same meals as the Hausas.

 Fulani Tribe

The Fulani people are believed to have migrated to Nigeria from the Middle East. Apart from Nigeria, the Fulanis are found in lots of other West African countries. These people are characterized by their nomadic nature and also the stunning beauty of their women. The Fulanis speak a language called Fulfude. This language has many dialects. However, only the Fulanis can tell the difference between the Fulfude dialects.

The Fulanis are predominantly Muslims and have cattle rearing as their major occupation. Men from this tribe put on Bbban Riga while women tie wrappers on a blouse and cover their heads with hijabs.

Gwari/Gbagyi Tribe

The Gwari People is also one of the tribes in the Niger state.  The Gwari tribe is however, not peculiar to just Niger state and can be found in other parts of Nigeria. The Gwari tribe is also known as Gbayi or Gbari and are related to the Koro People and Kamberi People who are part of the Niger- Congo family branch. The Gwari  is presumed to have migrated from Borno into the Abuja region and currently inhabit the western parts of Abuja and Southern Niger state.  The Gwari tribe practices farming, sculpting and textile making.

These are probably not all the tribes in Niger State, there are even more we couldn’t find much about due to their non-existence on the cyberspace. So we would like you the readers to fill in any of the tribes we missed out and share it with us via the comment section. Let’s learn from you.

2 thoughts on “List of Tribes in Niger State Nigeria

  • January 15, 2018 at 10:39 am

    Hello. Nice list. But I noticed that the Gwari (Gbagyi) tribe isnt on the list. And they are one of the largest, in terms of population, in Niger state.

    • January 15, 2018 at 12:55 pm

      Thanks for your input! The Gwari tribe has been added.


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