Full List of Tribes in Taraba State Nigeria

Taraba State was gotten from the name River Taraba and was gotten from the defunct Gongola State In 1991 during the Military Administration Of General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida.
It is located In The North-Eastern Region that comprises Of Bauchi, Gombe, Borno, Adamawa, And Taraba. It Is bounded West Of Plateau And Benue And East Of Cameroun.

 Jukun Tribe Related image

The Jukun people in Taraba state are a minority tribe in Taraba. These people are believed to have broken out from the ancient Kwararafa kingdom.

The jukun people are farmers. Also, they practice Islam and Christianity. Men and women from this tribe are known to tie wrappers. Foods eaten by the jukun people is usually a meal of Tuwo and soup.

 Idoma Tribe Image result for idoma tribe

The Idoma tribe in Taraba is related to the Idoma tribe in Benue. The Idoma people are peaceful people. Although in pre-independence days, they were known to be fierce warriors. Not much is known about their migration. However, there are Idomas in parts of cross rivers state and Taraba state.

The Idoma tribe has a population of about 3.5 million people and a very rich culture that was not affected by the coming of the Europeans.

Men and women in Idoma in Idoma tie wrappers. The wrappers used by the Idoma people usually have a unique pattern and are peculiar to the people of Benue state. Christianity and Islam are the major religions that are practiced by this tribe. Also farming is the main source of livelihood.

Kanuri Tribe

The Kanuri tribe is a tribe of horsemen. This tribe is perhaps the only tribe in Nigeria with a way of life which includes horse riding. The Kanuris trace their history to the ancient Bornu-Kanem Empire.

Islam is the predominant religion of this people while farming is the major occupation. People from the Kanuri tribe feed on meals that are made from processed millet and maize.

Karimjo Tribe Related image

The Karimjo people occupy the Karim lamido part of Taraba state. They are neighbors with the Fulani and always have constant conflicts with their neighbors.

The Karimjo tribe is made up of about 99% Muslims and about 1% traditionalists. Farming and cattle rearing are the major occupations that indigenes of this tribe engage in.


Kuteb Tribe

The kuteb tribe occupies parts of Taraba state and have a population of about 600,000 people. They are a tribe with many similarities with their Hausa neighbors. People of the Kuteb tribe have always had confrontations with their neighbors and still do till this day. This series of confrontations have led to deaths and unending movements.

Islam is the dominant religion of this tribe while farming is the occupation of the average Kuteb indigene.


Mumuye Tribe

The Mumuye tribe is the largest tribe in Taraba state. They occupy Gashaka, Bali, Gassol, Lau, Ardo-Kola, Jalinggo, Yorro and Zing local government areas in Taraba state. They speak a language called Mmuye. Although this language is not Hausa, it could be mistaken for the Hausa language by people that are not northerners.

The people of Mumuye are predominantly Muslims and are known for their farming.


Tiv Tribe

The Tiv people make up about 7% of Nigeria’s population. They have a population of about 3.5 million people. Although the majority of the Tive people are found in Benue, a handful of them occupy parts of Taraba state.

The people of Tiv are mostly farmers and traders and are known to be predominantly Christians. The Tiv people put on a peculiar cloth pattern which is usually sewn into any style. Soup and Tuwo are staples on the tables of the Tiv people.

 Nyandang Tribe

This is a small tribe with a population of about 106,000 people. The people of Nyandang live in a hilly environment. They are peaceful people are predominantly Christians.

Farming is the major occupation of this people. These people feed on processed millet and maize.

 Hausa Tribe

The Hausas are some of the most influential people in Nigeria. The Hausa people in Nigeria have a very large population and occupy some of the driest parts of Nigeria. The Hausa tribe has a high population of the poor and a few rich individuals. Also, a large number of this people are either unschooled or do not have the required level of education to survive in modern times.

The people of this tribe speak a language that is known as the Hausa language. They have a lot in common with other neighboring tribes and are often considered the only tribe in the lands that they occupy. Men from this tribe put on flowing gowns that are known as Babban riga while women tie wrappers on a blouse and cover their heads with hijabs. On very special occasions, men from the Hausa tribe tie turbans around their heads and put on expensive clothes instead of the regular flowing gowns.

 Gornun Tribe

Not much is known about the history and origin of the Gornun people. However, the fact that they are predominantly Muslims and have their way of life influenced by Islam suggests that they have their roots in the Middle East.

Farming is the major occupation of this people. Men and women from Gornun dress like the Hausas.

Fulani Tribe

The Fulani people are found in West Africa and in the Sahel. They are one of the biggest tribes in Taraba state. It is believed that these people migrated from the Middle East through the Sahara desert. The Fulani people have a violent history. In pre-colonial times, they were known to be very much interested in conquering territories. It doesn’t appear that this attribute of taking over territories has ceased to exist. In recent times, the Fulani people have been involved in violent clashes with other tribes far away from their own territory.

These people speak a language that is known as Fulfude. They are majorly nomads and are involved in the rearing of cattle. Men from this tribe put on flowing gowns that are called Babban riga while women tie wrappers on a blouse and cover their heads with hijabs.

 Diba Tribe

The Diba tribe is a much unknown minority tribe. The people of this tribe are Muslims and have farming as their major occupation.

Most of the traditions of this people are the traditions of their Hausa neighbors. Men from Diba put on flowing gowns while their women tie wrappers on blouse and cover their heads with hijab

 Bobua Tribe

Bobua tribe is an unknown tribe in Taraba state. There is no record of where these people migrated from. However, the fact that they share similar cultures with the Hausas suggests that they have similar origins.

The Bobua people are Muslims and farmers.

Betso Tribe

The Betso tribe is a minority tribe and is largely Islamic. These people are farmers and traders. Also, they do not have any known cultures of their own. Most of their cultures are Hausa cultures. Such things as dressing and food have been adopted by the Hausa people.

The people of Betso are farmers and traders.

Banda Tribe

The Banda tribe is a predominantly Islamic tribe. People of this tribe have a way of life that is in strict adherence to Islam. People from Bada are basically farmers. They also have the same mode of dressing with their Hausa neighbors.

Bambuko Tribe

The Bambuko tribe is a minority tribe in Taraba state. The people of this tribe are predominantly Muslims and have to farm as their major occupation.

The Bambuko people have a way of life that is greatly influenced by Islamic traditions. They also are known to dress and feed like the Hausas.

Bakulung Tribe

This tribe is a minority tribe and does not have any noticeable custom of its own. This tribe has adopted the customs of their predominant religion. Islam is the religion of the Bakulung people while farming is the major occupation of this people.

The Bakulung people eat the same meals as the Hausas and dress the same way also.

Babur Tribe

The Babur tribe is a minority tribe in Taraba state. The people of this tribe have taken up the lifestyle of the Hausa tribe. The Babur people are predominantly Muslims and have to farm as their major source of livelihood.

Both men and women dress like the Hausas. Also, their meals are made from processed millet and rice.

Tarok Tribe

Tark people occupy the hilly lands of Langtang-north, Langtang- south, Wase and Kanke LGAs. These people are traditionalists and are farmers by occupation. Over time, these people have adopted the cultures of the Hausas. As a result of this, men from Tarok put on flowing gowns while women tie wrappers on a blouse and cover their hair with a hijab.

Tarok meals are usually made from processed millet and rice


Even though there are so much more tribes that are found in Taraba state which this article can not mention all which is not deliberate. It is important to know what tribe you come from and how your tribe came to be and what culture your tribe practices.

8 thoughts on “Full List of Tribes in Taraba State Nigeria

  • July 23, 2018 at 12:44 am

    Hi, Islam is not the leading religion of the Kuteb tribe. The Kuteb people are majorly Christians and a few people still practice traditional worship within the tribe. I believe Islam is very hard to come across in the Kuteb lands.

  • October 1, 2018 at 4:47 pm

    about karimjo d Muslims are not upto 50 percent

  • November 19, 2018 at 6:36 pm

    Very interesting though, but, I don’t know if truly there are Idoma as a tribe in Taraba State, being Idoma myself it sound strange to me please.

  • February 4, 2019 at 1:57 pm

    I don’t know much about other tribes. Mumuyes are 85% Christian, 10% Muslim.

  • February 12, 2019 at 11:11 am

    Yandang is one of the biggest language’s in taraba state the are more that figure, and then the mumuyes about 90percent practice Christianity.

  • February 14, 2019 at 4:45 pm

    More ligthen please Jukun in taraba are of different types : (1)jukun ekpan(nyifon,nyinyu) from donga, wukari,takum.(2) jukun wanu from ibbi.(3)jukun wapan from wukari. But all are one ,and many more of them.

  • March 10, 2019 at 11:18 am

    Pls who knows the tribe most similar to kuteb

  • April 13, 2019 at 4:23 am

    I want to comment about karimjo, which as be mentioned with 99% are Muslims… karimjo are made up 94% christians and 5% Muslims then 1% traditional. Thank you.


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